ধর্মবিশ্বাসীদের দাবি, নৈতিকতার উৎস ধর্ম। ধর্মবিশ্বাস ছাড়া নৈতিক হওয়া সম্ভব নয়।... হ, আপনারে কইসে! তাইলে ৯০% মুছলিমমণ্ডিত, মসজিদ-মাদ্রাসাময় ও টুপি-দাড়ি-হিজাব-বোরখাবহুল দেশটায় নৈতিকতার এই দশা ক্যান? ধর্মহীন নাস্তিকপ্রধান দেশগুলাই বা সবচেয়ে সভ্য হিসাবে পরিচিত ক্যান?
নাস্তিকদের নৈতিকতা বিষয়ে সংশয় প্রকাশ করা এক মুছলিমের প্রশ্নের জাঙ্গিয়া-খোলা জবাব দিয়েছেন রিচার্ড ডকিন্স। ভিডিওর নিচে প্রশ্নোত্তরের ট্র্যান্সক্রিপ্ট।
ভিডিও লিংক: https://youtu.be/VgHoyTvyh4o
Question from Hamsa Koreshi:
My question is for professor Dawkins. Considering that Atheism cannot possibly have any sense of absolute morality, would it not then be an irrational leap of faith, which atheists themselves so harshly condemn, for an atheist to decide between right and wrong?
Richard Dawkins' answer:
The absolute morality that a religious person might profess would include what, stoning people for adultery (Leviticus 20.10, Hadith Sahih Muslim 17:4209), death for apostasy (Deuteronomy 13.6-10, Sahih al-Bukhari 52:260), punishment for breaking the Sabbath (Exodus 31.14, Exodus 35.2, Numbers 15.32-36, Quran 2.65-66)? These are all things which are religiously-based absolute moralities. I don't think I want an absolute morality. I think I want a morality that is thought out, reasoned, argued, discussed, and based upon what you could almost call an intelligent design.
Can we not design our society in such a way to have the sort of morality that we want to live in? If you actually look at the moralities that are accepted among modern people, among 21st century people: we don't believe in slavery anymore, we believe in the equality of women, we believe in being gentle, we believe in being kind to animals. Theses are all things which are entirely recent. They have very little basis in Biblical or Quranic scripture. They are things that have developed over historical time through a consensus of reasoning, sober discussion, argument, legal theory, political and moral philosophy. They do not come from religion.
To the extent that you can find the good bits in religious scriptures you have to cherry pick. You search your way through the Bible or the Quran and find the occasional verse that is an acceptable profession of morality and we say, "Look at that! That's religion." You leave out all the horrible bits and you say, "Oh, we don't believe that anymore. We've grown out of it." Well, of course we've grown out of it! We've grown out of it because of secular, moral philosophy and rational discussion.